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Browsing items in: Powwow Photographs by Ann Leonard

(17 results)



Display: 20

    • Fancy Dancing

    • Ann Leonard
    • Powwows - WA:K Powwow; Mission San Xavier del Bac (Tucson, Ariz.)
    • Created on the reservation lands of Oklahoma in the 1920’s, Fancy dancing evolved as Powwows became open to the public and competition dancing began. It is a fast, free-form dance which displays the athletic and acrobatic abilities of the dancer....
    • Round Dance

    • Ann Leonard
    • Powwows - WA:K Powwow; Mission San Xavier del Bac (Tucson, Ariz.)
    • The Round Dance is an open invitation to dancers and spectators to join together on the arena floor and move in a circle. It is commonly performed either at the beginning or end of a Powwow competition.
    • Tiny Tot Jingle Dancer

    • Ann Leonard
    • Powwows - WA:K Powwow; Mission San Xavier del Bac (Tucson, Ariz.)
    • Seen here is a young jingle dancer enrolled in the Tiny Tots division, the dance category for ages 5 and under. Incorporating children into the Powwow is one way that many families keep their tribal heritage alive.
    • Jingle Dancers

    • Ann Leonard
    • Powwows - WA:K Powwow; Mission San Xavier del Bac (Tucson, Ariz.)
    • The Jingle dance originated from the dream of an Ojibway medicine man, who developed the dress and dance to heal those with afflictions. The dance is commonly performed by women and is noted for it’s dress which is a adorned with metal cones,...
    • Male Traditional Dancer

    • Ann Leonard
    • Powwows - WA:K Powwow; Mission San Xavier del Bac (Tucson, Ariz.)
    • Male Powwow contestant wearing Mirror Boards. Mirrors, originally obtained by the traders, became popular with Plains Indian tribes such as the Cree, Osage, and Mandan. They were commonly set in wooden frames and attached to garments. – please...
    • Jingle and Fancy Shawl Dancers

    • Ann Leonard
    • Powwows - WA:K Powwow; Mission San Xavier del Bac (Tucson, Ariz.)
    • Featured is young Jingle and Fancy Shawl Dancers waiting to compete. The Fancy Shawl dance originated in the 1930’s as Powwows became open to the public and competition dancing began. Like the male’s Fancy Dance, this dance evolved as a way to...
    • Powwow Judges

    • Ann Leonard
    • Powwows - WA:K Powwow; Mission San Xavier del Bac (Tucson, Ariz.)
    • Seen here are two judges in the foreground and far background evaluating the male Fancy Dancers. Powwow judges evaluate dancers by category, (i.e. men, women, fancy, traditional, etc.). The contestants are assessed by their dancing ability, and...
    • Southern Straight Dancer

    • Ann Leonard
    • Powwows - WA:K Powwow; Mission San Xavier del Bac (Tucson, Ariz.)
    • The Southern Straight Dance is a dance of the Plains Indians, and originated from the tribes of Oklahoma. It is characterized by slow and controlled movements. The regalia commonly include shirts adorned with ribbons, a bone breast plate or choker,...
    • Grass Dancer

    • Ann Leonard
    • Powwows - WA:K Powwow; Mission San Xavier del Bac (Tucson, Ariz.)
    • The Grass Dance has roots in the traditions of many tribes. Some explain the Grass Dance as a way warriors conveyed their stories of battle, while other traditions believe the dance began as a way to tamp down tall grass before a village was...
    • Powwow Contestants

    • Ann Leonard
    • Powwows - WA:K Powwow; Mission San Xavier del Bac (Tucson, Ariz.)
    • On the left, a male Traditional Dancer; on the right, a male Grass Dancer.
    • Grass Dancer

    • Ann Leonard
    • Powwows - WA:K Powwow; Mission San Xavier del Bac (Tucson, Ariz.)
    • Male Powwow contestant wearing “porcupine roach” head ornament. These are typically constructed of porcupine guard hair, deer hair, moose mane or skunk hair. They are worn by male dancers from a variety of tribes. – please reference Paterek,...
    • Powwow Contestants

    • Ann Leonard
    • Powwows - WA:K Powwow; Mission San Xavier del Bac (Tucson, Ariz.)
    • On the left, a male traditional dancer; On the right, a Fancy Dancer.
    • Powwow Contestants

    • Ann Leonard
    • Powwows - WA:K Powwow; Mission San Xavier del Bac (Tucson, Ariz.)
    • Multiple male Powwow contestants displaying a variety of traditional dance regalia.
    • Powwow Contestants

    • Ann Leonard
    • Powwows - WA:K Powwow; Mission San Xavier del Bac (Tucson, Ariz.)
    • Powwow contestants displaying examples of traditional headgear. The man in the background is wearing a buffalo horn headdress, an item of regalia common to the Plains Indians and reserved for warriors of great distinction. The man in the foreground...
    • Powwow Contestants and Spectators

    • Ann Leonard
    • Powwows - WA:K Powwow; Mission San Xavier del Bac (Tucson, Ariz.)
    • Powwow contestants with a view of spectators in the background.
    • Powwow at San Xaiver del Bac Mission

    • Ann Leonard
    • Powwows - WA:K Powwow; Mission San Xavier del Bac (Tucson, Ariz.)
    • View of San Xavier del Bac Mission in Tucson, Arizona with Powwow contestants in foreground.

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