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  • All fields: Patayan
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    • Arizona Highways, January 2004

    • Arizona Highways Magazine
    • Arizona; Arizona Highways Magazine; Arizona Department of Transportation
    • Arizona Highways, January 2004

      Contents:
      02 LETTERS & E-MAIL
      03 TAKING THE OFF-RAMP Explore Arizona oddities, attractions and pleasures.
      06 COVER: A STORY OF NAVAJO SURVIVAL A writer walks into desolate sandstone canyons of...
    • Human Petroglyphs

    • Archaic, Hohokam, or Patayan
    • Rock art--Arizona; Sacred sites; Petroglyphs;
    • This petroglyph depicts a human figure with hyper-extended fingers and toes, characteristic of Patayan-style rock art. Patayan people occupied a large area of Arizona west of the Agua Fria River, pass the Colorado River into eastern Nevada and...
    • Review and analysis of the Flagstaff culture

    • Gladwin, Harold S. (Harold Sterling), 1883-1983
    • Indians of North America; Antiquities; Architecture, Prehistoric; Pit houses; Tree-rings
    • (14,462kb pdf) Gladwin compares the previous work done on the architecture of the Flagstaff culture by Colton, Spicer, McGregor and Hargrave with tree-ring dating done by Douglass and McGregor and concludes that the tree-rings dates are in direct...
    • Arizona Highways, February 2004

    • Arizona Highways Magazine
    • Arizona; Arizona Highways Magazine; Arizona Department of Transportation
    • Arizona Highways, February 2004

      Contents:
      02 LETTERS AND E-MAIL
      03 TAKING THE OFF-RAMP Explore Arizona oddities, attractions and pleasures.
      06 EVENTS: A SHOW OF GOLD: 50TH ANNIVERSARY The Tucson Gem and Mineral Society...
    • Arizona Highways, February 1996

    • Arizona Highways Magazine
    • Arizona; Arizona Highways Magazine; Arizona Department of Transportation
    • Arizona Highways, February 1996

      Contents:
      p. 2 Along the Way, A Little Bit of Plain Tree Talk Brings Results, by James Tallon.
      p. 3 Letters to the Editor.
      p. 4 A Journey on the Gila: Searching for Yesterday on a Haunted River,...
    • Arizona Highways, September 1985

    • Arizona Highways Magazine
    • Arizona; Arizona Highways Magazine; Arizona Department of Transportation
    • Arizona Highways, September 1985

      Contents:
      04 PIONEER JEWS
      13 CANOEING THE GRAND CANYON
      18 ARIZONIQUES
      20 CLOUDS - A PORTFOLIO
      28 SANTA CATALINA MOUNTAINS
      38 MINIATURE MUSEUMS
      46 BOOKSHELF
      48 YOURS...
    • Arizona Highways, November 1985

    • Arizona Highways Magazine
    • Arizona; Arizona Highways Magazine; Arizona Department of Transportation
    • Arizona Highways, November 1985

      Contents:
      02 HARQUAHALA AND BEYOND
      18 THE EAGLE TAILS
      24 WELCOME TO LA PAZ
      38 SUN, SILENCE, AND BIGHORNS
    • Arizona Highways, February 1984

    • Arizona Highways Magazine
    • Arizona; Arizona Highways Magazine; Arizona Department of Transportation
    • Arizona Highways, February 1984

      Contents:
      01 CONTENTS
      03 LA CIUDAD. UNEARTHING THE FIRST PHOENIX. BENEATH A MODERN CITY AN ANCIENT CULTURE SURRENDERS ITS TIMELESS SECRETS. Story by Natalie Waugh. Photography by Jeff Kida.
      12...
    • Arizona Highways,  March 2005

    • Arizona Highways Magazine
    • Arizona; Arizona Highways Magazine; Arizona Department of Transportation
    • Arizona Highways, March 2005

      Contents:
      02 LETTERS & E-MAIL
      03 TAKING THE OFF-RAMP: Explore Arizona oddities, attractions and pleasures.
      06 RECREATION. Sycamore Canyon, a Special Oasis: Just west of Nogales, this lush and...
    • America's priceless heritage : cultural and fossil resources on public lands : Arizona

    • United States. Bureau of Land Management
    • Cultural property -- Protection -- Arizona; Fossils -- Collection and preservation -- Arizona; Historic sites -- Arizona
    • 20 pages (PDF version). Includes history of Arizona, relevant summary of preservation issues, maps of historic sites, and selected state historical preservation statistics for fiscal year 2002.
    • Arizona watch / Arizona Site Stewards

    • Arizona. State Historic Preservation Office. Arizona Site Stewards.
    • Historic sites--Conservation and restoration; Historic sites--Arizona; Arizona--Antiquities--Collection and preservation;
    • This title contains one or more publications. Newsletter.
    • La Paz Transportation Planning Study

    • Lima and Associates
    • Highway planning--Arizona--La Paz County; Roads--Arizona--La Paz County--Design and construction; Transportation--Arizona--La Paz County--Planning
    • This title contains one or more publications
    • 1968 Flagstaff All-Indian Powwow Program

    • Flagstaff Chamber of Commerce
    • Flagstaff--History; Powwows--Arizona--Flagstaff; Powwows--Pictorial works; Festivals--Arizona--Flagstaff; Indians of North America--Rites and ceremonies; Indians of North America--Social life and customs; Indians of North America--Pictorial works;...
    • Program of events for the annual Flagstaff All-Indian Pow Wow, 1968
    • 1971 Flagstaff All-Indian Powwow Program

    • Flagstaff Chamber of Commerce
    • Flagstaff--History; Powwows--Arizona--Flagstaff; Powwows--Pictorial works; Festivals--Arizona--Flagstaff; Indians of North America--Rites and ceremonies; Indians of North America--Social life and customs; Indians of North America--Pictorial works;...
    • Program of events for the annual Flagstaff All-Indian Pow Wow, 1971
    • 1954 Flagstaff All-Indian Powwow Program

    • Flagstaff Chamber of Commerce
    • Flagstaff--History; Powwows--Arizona--Flagstaff; Powwows--Pictorial works; Festivals--Arizona--Flagstaff; Indians of North America--Rites and ceremonies; Indians of North America--Social life and customs; Indians of North America--Pictorial works;...
    • Program of events for the annual Flagstaff All-Indian Pow Wow, 1954
    • Linear, Rectilinear Petroglyphs

    • Archaic, Hohokam, or Patayan
    • Rock art--Arizona; Sacred sites; Petroglyphs;
    • This abstract petroglyph is sometimes interpreted as an entoptic image, or an image physically generated by the human optical system, often during altered states of consciousness or trance. Entoptic images were likely experienced in the context of...
    • Human, Animal, Curvilinear, Linear, Rectilinear, and Other Petroglyphs

    • Archaic, Hohokam, or Patayan
    • Rock art--Arizona; Sacred sites; Petroglyphs;
    • Petroglyphs that appear to have animal-like features have been interpreted to represent hunting in the area. Before Adobe Dam was built, Skunk Creek crossed the valley and met Hedgpeth Hills at the place where most petroglyphs are concentrated. ...
    • Curvlinear,  Linear and Rectilinear Petroglyphs

    • Archaic, Hohokam, or Patayan
    • Rock art--Arizona; Sacred sites; Petroglyphs;
    • There are two main techniques for creating a petroglyph: direct percussion and indirect percussion.

      Direct percussion is when a hard rock is used to strike a softer rock surface. Petroglyphs made with direct percussion often have rough,...
    • Linear, Rectilinear Petroglyphs

    • Archaic, Hohokam, or Patayan
    • Rock art--Arizona; Sacred sites; Petroglyphs;
    • Petroglyphs with linear designs, such as the one on this boulder, may represent local plants and animal footprints, or may even map out locations of water sources such as rivers or arroyos. Not only did the river beds supply water for plants,...
    • Curvilinear and Complex Petroglyphs

    • Archaic, Hohokam, or Patayan
    • Rock art--Arizona; Sacred sites; Petroglyphs;
    • The rocks of Hedgpeth Hills were formed by volcanic activity millions of years ago. As lava cooled, it cracked into large boulders. This kind of volcanic rock is called andesitic basalt. In arid regions, a thin dark film called desert varnish...
    • Curvilinear and Complex Petroglyphs

    • Archaic, Hohokam, or Patayan
    • Rock art--Arizona; Sacred sites; Petroglyphs;
    • Squiggly lines and spirals may relate to Mesoamerican representations of snakes, water, and the “feathered serpent deity,” Quetzalcoatl. While the place of origin of the Hohokam remains highly disputed, petroglyphs such as these may support the...
    • Human, Animal, Curvilinear, Linear, Rectilinear, and Other Petroglyphs

    • Archaic, Hohokam, or Patayan
    • Rock art--Arizona; Sacred sites; Petroglyphs;
    • Rock art representative of the Hohokam includes elements of animal and human-like beings, scrolls, circles, and other geometric designs.

      Hohokam people adapted to the extreme conditions of the Sonoran Desert and the seasonal abundance of...
    • Curvilinear, Circles, Spirals, Linear, Rectilinear and Complex Petroglyphs

    • Archaic, Hohokam, or Patayan
    • Rock art--Arizona; Sacred sites; Petroglyphs;
    • The petroglyphs at the Deer Valley Rock Art Center face east, towards the rising sun. In the Southwest, petroglyphs sometimes mark the movement of the sun, constellations, planets, the moon, and other celestial bodies. However, no light patterns...
    • Complex Petroglyphs

    • Archaic, Hohokam, or Patayan
    • Rock art--Arizona; Sacred sites; Petroglyphs;
    • Abstract designs, such as those seen on this panel, occur in rock art throughout the world. While we may find similar images around the world, it is rare, if even possible, to find universal meanings. The peoples that produced rock art have done...
    • Circles, Spirals and Complex Petroglyphs

    • Archaic, Hohokam, or Patayan
    • Rock art--Arizona; Sacred sites; Petroglyphs;
    • Some petroglyphs at the Deer Valley Rock Art Center have been interpreted in relation to tribal histories of migration or travel, traditional stories, or as representations of important spirits, animals, and people.

      However, if people used...
    • Linear, Rectilinear Petroglyphs

    • Archaic, Hohokam, or Patayan
    • Rock art--Arizona; Sacred sites; Petroglyphs;
    • For contemporary Native peoples, some of the petroglyphs at the Deer Valley Rock Art Center relate to specific events and histories. For instance, Hopi traditions document the migration of clans, and some petroglyphs have been identified as clan...
    • Curvilinear, Circles, Spirals, and Complex Petroglyphs

    • Archaic, Hohokam, or Patayan
    • Rock art--Arizona; Sacred sites; Petroglyphs;
    • Petroglyphs are generally found in areas that show evidence of permanent and seasonal habitation, farming, travel, and subsistence activities. Rock art associated with the Hohokam is often found in habitation and agricultural areas near irrigation...
    • Complex Petroglyphs

    • Archaic, Hohokam, or Patayan
    • Rock art--Arizona; Sacred sites; Petroglyphs;
    • Some petroglyphs at the Deer Valley Rock Art Center have been interpreted in connection to sky watching. They might record specific events such as supernovas or the passing of comets. Ancient peoples were very aware of how the movement of stars...
    • Curvilinear, Circles, Spirals, and Complex Petroglyphs

    • Archaic, Hohokam, or Patayan
    • Rock art--Arizona; Sacred sites; Petroglyphs;
    • Petroglyphs that depict humans or spirit-beings suggest that rock art making may have been a part of religious practices. These practices can include rites of passage, weather influencing, curing illnesses, and ceremonial events. At the Deer...
    • Animal, Linear and Rectilinear Petroglyphs

    • Archaic, Hohokam, or Patayan
    • Rock art--Arizona; Sacred sites; Petroglyphs;
    • Petroglyphs, such as this one, are associated with design elements found in connection with the Archaic culture. The Archaic people were nomadic, and followed resources seasonally. They secured places along the river valleys where resources were...
    • Curvilinear, Linear and Rectilinear Petroglyphs

    • Archaic, Hohokam, or Patayan
    • Rock art--Arizona; Sacred sites; Petroglyphs;
    • These petroglyphs, in the shape of wavy lines, are symbols that elicit many interpretations and responses. Visitors at the Deer Valley Rock Art Center say they see snakes, rain, water ripples, heat vapors, and even a natural rhythm.
    • Mano

    • Archaic, Hohokam, or Patayan
    • Rock art--Arizona; Sacred sites; Petroglyphs;
    • Manos and metates are stone grinding tools. They were used to grind maize, beans, cotton seeds, and other wild grains and seeds.

      This mano was found at the Hedgpeth Hills. It was hand-shaped by a skilled craftsman with the use of a...
    • Cobble Hammerstone

    • Archaic, Hohokam, or Patayan
    • Rock art--Arizona; Sacred sites; Petroglyphs;
    • This cobble hammerstone may have been used as a striking stone to create and shape mano and metate blanks at Hedgpeth Hills. It may have also been used in petroglyph production. This particular cobble hammerstone appears to have a notch for the...
    • Pottery Piece

    • Archaic, Hohokam, or Patayan
    • Rock art--Arizona; Sacred sites; Petroglyphs;
    • This pottery shard is from an everyday pot which was found in the pithouse at the Deer Valley Rock Art Center and was most likely used for cooking. The Hohokam developed red on buff pottery. The ceramic materials used to create the pots...

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