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  • All fields: Pre-Territorial Period (Before 1863)
(325 results)



Display: 50

    • Trinidad Escalante Swilling

    • Raul H. Castro Institute and Latino Perspectives Magazine
    • Swilling, Jack, 1830-1878. Swilling family; Phoenix (Ariz.. Phoenix (Ariz.)--History. Phoenix (Ariz.)--History--19th century. Canal construction.
    • Trinidad Escalante Swilling was born in Hermosillo, Mexico to a Spanish father and Mexican mother. After the death of her father, she and her mother would move to Tucson where Trinidad would marry Jack Swilling, a Confederate veteran of the Civil...
    • Western range of the Red-on-buff culture

    • Gladwin, Winifred, 1889-1965
    • Ceramics; Indian Pottery; Archaeological surveying; Indians of North America; Antiquities; Yuman Indians; Mohave Indians
    • (10,772kb pdf) A survey of the extent to which the Red-on-buff culture expanded along its western front despite geographic obstacles.
    • Archaeological survey of Verde Valley

    • Gladwin, Winifred, 1889-1965
    • Ceramics; Indian Pottery; Archaeological surveying; Indians of North America; Antiquities; Kivas; Cliff-dwellings
    • (16,164kb pdf) A survey to the north along the Mogollon Rim and Verde Valley using ruins and sherds to identify distinct cultures- signs of their origins and entry into the region.
    • Some Southwestern pottery types, series I

    • Gladwin, Winifred, 1889-1965
    • Ceramics; Indian pottery; Salado pottery; Antiquities; Hopi Indians; Yavapai Indians; Tonto Indians
    • (5,962kb pdf) Classification of several types of pottery found in the Flagstaff/Globe region of the Southwest and assignment of distinctive styles to specific cultures.
    • Kivas of the Tusayan ruin Grand Canyon Arizona

    • Haury, Emil W. (Emil Walter), 1904-1992
    • Archaeological surveying; Indians of North America; Hopi Indians; Kivas; Pueblos; Cliff-dwellings
    • (8,765kb pdf) Archaeological survey of the ruins near the Grand Canyon- specifically, the ruins of 2 kivas located near the pueblos
    • Some Southwestern pottery types, series III

    • Gladwin, Winifred, 1889-1965
    • Ceramics; Indian pottery; Indians of North America; Antiquities; Archaeological surveying; Pottery, Prehistoric; Hohokam culture
    • (13,721kb pdf) Examination of Red-on-Buff pottery to better understand the Hohokam.
    • Method for designation of cultures and their variations

    • Gladwin, Winifred, 1889-1965
    • Ceramics; Indian pottery; Indians of North America; Antiquities; Archaeological surveying; Pottery, Prehistoric; Hohokam culture; Basket-Maker Indians; Mound-builders; Pima Indians
    • (8,361kb pdf) A survey of the origins and evolution of Indian cultures and development of classification schemes to place the cultures in various periods.
    • Prehistoric skeletal remains from the Texas coast

    • Woodbury, George, 1902-1973
    • Indians of North America; Ethnoarchaeology; Anthropology, Prehistoric; Human remains (Archaeology)
    • (16,080kb pdf) An analysis of skeletal remains found in Texas in the coastal region, examining specifically the skulls, arms, and legs. Clues pertaining to culture are extrapolated from composition and structure of the bones.
    • Some resemblances in the ceramics of Central and North America

    • Vaillant, George Clapp, 1901-1945
    • Ceramics; Indian pottery; Indians of North America; Antiquities; Archaeological surveying; Pottery, Prehistoric; Civilization; Indian influences; Indians of Central America; Indians of Mexico
    • (14,990kb pdf) Critical analysis of similarities and differences between various cultures of North and Central America; subsequent ideas as to the types of interactions (if any) between the cultures in North America and their counterparts in...
    • Tree-ring analysis: problems of dating I. the Medicine Valley sites

    • Gladwin, Harold S. (Harold Sterling), 1883-1983
    • Indians of North America; Archaeological dating; Archaeological surveying; ; Tree-rings; Dendrochronology
    • (9,367kb pdf) Critical analysis of similarities and differences in various tree-ring data obtained from the Medicine Valley in an attempt to reach a consensus as to the date of the ruins in the region.
    • Tree-ring analysis: tree-rings and droughts

    • Gladwin, Harold S. (Sterling), 1883-1983
    • Indians of North America; Pueblo Indians; Archaeological dating; Droughts; Climatology; Tree-rings; Dendrochronology
    • (6,255kb pdf) Examination of the validity of the commonly accepted tree-ring drought theory as applied by archaeologists in establishing timeslines for the various cultures in the Southwest.
    • Red-on-buff culture of the Gila Basin

    • Gladwin, Winifred, 1889-1965
    • Ceramics; Indian Pottery; Archaeological surveying; Hohokam culture; Indians of North America; Antiquities; Pottery, Prehistoric; Architecture, Prehistoric
    • (16,287kb pdf) An examination of clues left by the Red-on-Buff (Hohokam) culture in the vicinity of the Gila Basin as they pertain to understanding the culture; clues including pottery sherds, rubbish mounds, and architectural ruins.
    • Review and analysis of the Flagstaff culture

    • Gladwin, Harold S. (Harold Sterling), 1883-1983
    • Indians of North America; Antiquities; Architecture, Prehistoric; Pit houses; Tree-rings
    • (14,462kb pdf) Gladwin compares the previous work done on the architecture of the Flagstaff culture by Colton, Spicer, McGregor and Hargrave with tree-ring dating done by Douglass and McGregor and concludes that the tree-rings dates are in direct...
    • Amsden Pottery Paintings

    • Amsden, Theodore P., 1904-1977
    • Ceramics; Indian pottery; Indians of North America; Antiquities
    • This collection of 18 paintings was commissioned by the Gila Pueblo Archaeological Foundation to illustrate its publication series, The Medallion Papers. The paintings were done by Ted Amsden between c. 1929-1936.
    • Mogollon culture of southwestern New Mexico

    • Haury, Emil W. (Emil Walter), 1904-
    • Mogollon culture; Indians of North America--Antiquities; Excavations (Archaeology)--New Mexico; Architecture, Prehistoric--New Mexico; Mimbres River Valley (N.M.)--Antiquities; Catron County (N.M.)--Antiquities; Grant County (N.M.)--Antiquities;...
    • This report is concerned with the excavations in two pit house villages of southwestern New Mexico; the first, the Mogollon village, situated on the east bank of the San Francisco River about ten miles north of Glenwood, in Catron County; and the...
    • The American Soldier, 1848-1885

    • McBarron, H. Charles
    • Casey, T. L. (Thomas Lincoln), 1831-1896. Washington Monument (Washington, D.C.).
    • While Lt. Col. Thomas L. Casey was not the first overseer of the Washington Monument's construction, he was probably the most significant in creating the monument that exists today. Lt. Col. Casey can be seen in the right foreground (bearing some...
    • Uniforms of the United States Navy, 1776-1898

    • Tily, James C.
    • United States. Navy--Uniforms.
    • This booklet was made to accompany the 12 plates of this series, showcasing a variety of Navy uniforms for both enlisted men and officers. Tily offers a great deal of detail about the uniforms depicted, as well as sources he used.
    • U.S.--Mexican War U.S. soldier.

    • Abodeely, Joseph
    • Arizona Military Museum; Military Museums--Arizona--History
    • Display of U.S uniform during Spanish-American War.
    • Map of U.S. Mormon Battalion march.

    • Abodeely, Joseph
    • Arizona Military Museum; Military Museums--Arizona--History
    • MORMON BATTALION AND TUCSON PRESIDIO

      Mexico broke off relations with the United States in March 1845 after the annexation of Texas. A Mexican attack on U.S. troops occupying disputed territory preceded a U.S. declaration of war on Mexico...
    • Medal of Honor display.

    • Abodeely, Joseph
    • Arizona Military Museum; Military Museums--Arizona--History
    • Arizona has many Medal of Honor recipients. Most of them were Indian who received the nation's higest honor during the Indian Wars.
    • Military communications display with telephones and radios.

    • Abodeely, Joseph
    • Arizona Military Museum; Military Museums--Arizona--History
    • Early military communications involved the voice, arm and hand signals, flags, whistles, drums, horns, bugles, telephones, and evolved to various radios. Military communications today are typified by high technology including computers and...
    • Arizona territory display.

    • Abodeely, Joseph
    • Arizona Military Museum; Military Museums--Arizona--History
    • EARLY ARIZONA TERRITORY

      The Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo formally ended the Mexican-American War in February 1848, but tensions between the Governments of Mexico and the United States continued over the next six years. The two countries...
    • Civil War in Arizona.

    • Abodeely, Joseph
    • Arizona Military Museum; Military Museums--Arizona--History
    • CIVIL WAR IN ARIZONA

      Both the Union and the Confederacy desperately wanted California because of its rich mineral resources; its vital access to the Pacific Ocean; and the conquest would help the Confederacy gain European recognition. The...
    • Archaeological testing for the Kyrene Expansion Project

    • Henderson, T. Kathleen
    • Indians of North America--Arizona--Salt River Valley--Antiquities; Excavations (Archaeology)--Arizona--Salt River Valley; Hohokam culture--Arizona
    • 93 pages (PDF version). Ill. Maps. Includes bibliographic references. Technical Report no. 2000-09. Prehistoric archaeological features documented...include "pithouses, cremation burials, roasting pits and ovens, borrow pits, other small and large...
    • Trinidad Escalante Swilling

    • Raul H. Castro Institute and Latino Perspectives Magazine
    • Swilling, Jack, 1830-1878; Swilling family; Phoenix (Ariz.); Phoenix (Ariz.)--History; Phoenix (Ariz.)--History--19th century; Canal construction;
    • Film on Trinidad Escalante Swilling, born in Hermosillo, Mexico to a Spanish father and Mexican mother. After the death of her father, she and her mother would move to Tucson where Trinidad would marry Jack Swilling, a Confederate veteran of the...
    • Griffin, John, Part 1

    • John, Minnie and Therese Hicks Griffin
    • Oral histories; Arizona History; Arizona History 19th century; Arizona History 20th Century; Gila County (Ariz.); Biography; Cattle--West (U.S.)--History; Ranching History of Gila County; Ranch managers--Arizona; U.S. Forest Service; Salt River...
    • John Griffin was Gila County Rancher of the Year in 2006. His family's earliest ancestors, the Romeros, came to America in the 1700s, settling on a Spanish Land Grant. They brought some of the first sheep into Arizona Territory. Maria Concepcion...
    • Cline Family History Part 1

    • Cline, Steve
    • Oral histories; Arizona History; Arizona History 19th century; Arizona History 20th Century; Gila County (Ariz.); Biography; Cattle--West (U.S.)--History; Ranching History of Gila County; Ranch managers--Arizona; U.S. Forest Service; Salt River...
    • The first to immigrant to Arizona was Christian Cline, an English former bondservant from Pennsylvania. The family first immigrated to California during the gold rush. They panned enough gold to purchase a small herd of cattle in San Diego, and...
    • Plan of the Rio Colorado, 1829

    • Hardy, R. W. H.
    • Colorado River (Colo.-Mexico); Rivers--Colorado--Maps.
    • Plan of the Rio Colorado. Other geographic locations include the Gila River.
    • La Frontera - A History

    • Orozco, Rebecca
    • Mexican-American Border Region--History; Mexico--History--Spanish colony, 1540-1810; New Spain; Cochise County (Ariz.) Antiquities.
    • This is a 47 minute audio file. Rebecca Orozco gives an overview of the past 500 years of Mexican and American shared heritage along the southeastern Arizona border region. The lecture takes the listener through history covering the Spanish...
    • Paquime and Mata Ortiz

    • Orozco, Rebecca
    • Archaeology--Arizona; Archaeology--Mexico; Archaeology and History--North America; Indian pottery; Pottery; Ceramics; Chihuahua (Chihuahua, Mexico) History. Mata Ortiz (Mexico); Casas Grandes pottery Mexico Chihuahua (State); Casas Grandes pottery...
    • A 52 minute lecture summarizing the history of southeastern Arizona and detailing the archaelogical history of the area from 1250-1425. Seven centuries ago, trade and culture of Southeastern Arizona was centered around an adobe city called Paquime...
    • Rock Art in Cochise County

    • Frey, Dan
    • Petroglyphs; Rock paintings; Geoglyphs; Pictographs; Cochise County (Ariz.); Cochise County (Ariz.) Antiquities.
    • This 56 minute lecture describes numerous sites in Southeastern Arizona and Sonora, Mexico where petroglyphs, pictographs and rock art were found. The rocky cliffs and clefts of Cochise County served as a canvas for ancient inhabitants who left...
    • Military Outposts in the Chiricahua Mountains

    • Orozco, Rebecca
    • Military posts; Army posts; Military bases--Arizona; Chiricahua Apache Indians; Fort Bowie (Ariz.) History 19th century; Gadsen Purchase; Apache Indian--Wars, 1883-1886; Apache Indians--Wars, 1872-1873; Cochise County (Ariz.); Cochise County...
    • During the long years of the Chiricahua Apache wars with the United States, the military established a number of outposts to block their escape routes into the rugged Chiricahua Mountains. Learn about the history of Fort Bowie, Camp Bonita and Camp...
    • Military Outposts of the Chiricahua Mountains

    • Orozco, Rebecca
    • Military posts (Ariz); Army posts; Military bases--Arizona; Chiricahua Apache Indians; Fort Bowie (Ariz.) History 19th century; Gadsen Purchase; Apache Indian--Wars, 1883-1886; Apache Indians--Wars, 1872-1873; Cochise County (Ariz.); Cochise County...
    • This Powerpoint presentation is related to the lecture of the same name in this collection. It contains 53 slides with images and photos depicting the life and times of the military outposts built in the mid and late 19th century to protect the...
    • La Fontera - A History

    • Orozco, Rebecca
    • Mexican-American Border Region--History; Mexico--History--Spanish colony, 1540-1810; New Spain; Cochise County (Ariz.) Antiquities.
    • This 43 slide powerpoint presentation is related to the audio file in this collection of the same name. It presents a history of Mexican and American shared heritage along the southeastern Arizona border region over the past 500 years. There are...
    • Hohokam Style Human like Figure

    • Unknown
    • Petroglyphs--Arizona; Petroglyphs--Southwest New; Rock art --Arizona
    • This petroglyph is tradtional style Hohokam anthropomorphs or human like figures.The Hohokam culture is the name given to farming people of the American southwest between AD 200 and 1450. Their sites are found throughout the Sonoran Desert of...
    • Anthropomorph With Headdress

    • Unknown
    • Petroglyphs--Arizona; Petroglyphs--Southwest New; Rock art --Arizona
    • This petroglyph is a tradtional style Hohokam anthropomorph or human like figure with a sunburst headress. This representation may be a shaman or other individual of importance, The Hohokam culture is the name given to farming people of the...
    • Anthropomorph with Deer Antler Headdress

    • Unknown
    • Petroglyphs--Arizona; Petroglyphs--Southwest New; Rock art --Arizona
    • This petroglyph is a tradtional style Hohokam anthropomorph or human like figure with a deer antler headress. This representation may be a shaman or other individual of importance, The Hohokam culture is the name given to farming people of the...
    • Hohokam Style Horned Toad

    • Unknown
    • Petroglyphs--Arizona; Petroglyphs--Southwest New; Rock art --Arizona
    • This petroglyph is of a horned toad. Its image is recorded from the Anasazi, Hohokam, Mogollon, and Mimbres cultures. Its likeness is related to these cultures through their use of horned lizard images on pottery, petroglyphs, effigy bowls,...
    • Mimbres Style Petroglyphs

    • Unknown
    • Petroglyphs--Arizona; Petroglyphs--Southwest New; Rock art --Arizona
    • A petroglyph is rock art that is pecked, scratched or abraided into the rock surface. These petroglyphs depict a big horn sheep, a dragon fly and other elements characteristic of the Mimbres culture. These and other petroglyphs found on the eastern...
    • Hohokam Geometric Element

    • Unknown
    • Petroglyphs--Arizona; Petroglyphs--Southwest New; Rock art --Arizona
    • This petroglyph is a tradtional style Hohokam geometric shape.The Hohokam used a variety of images and designs in their rock art, both geometric and representational. Geometric designs include circles, spirals, crosses, meandering lines and other...

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