1801 - 1809
1700' s and early 1800' s -
The northwest area of Arizona is populated by native American people: Mohave, Hualapai and Paiute indians.
Spanish Troops campaign against the Apache Indians in lands that belong to Spain as part of northern Mexico.
Mining, Ranching, and Missionary activity continues to increase in the area that will some day be Arizona.
Thomas Jefferson was born in
1743 in Shadwell, VA. He
studied law at William and Mary,
but was also interested in science
and philosophy. As a delegate to
the Continental Congress he
drafted the Declaration of
Independence. In1776, he
initiated a program that included
the separation of church and state.
He served as governor of Virginia
from 1779 to 178l; in1783 he was
sent to Congress.
Martha Wayles Jefferson was
born in 1748. She was a widow
when she met Thomas Jefferson,
perhaps through their mutual love
of music. They were married on
New Year's Day, 1772. The
Jeffersons had six children, only
two of whom lived to adulthood.
The family was living at
Monticello in June of 1781, when
they barely escaped a British raid
on their home.
President Thomas Jefferson was sent to Congress in 1783, and in 1785 was appointed Minister to France. In 1789 George Washington appointed him
secretary of state; he resigned in 1793 over differences with Alexander Hamilton. He was elected vice president in 1796, and the House of
Representatives elected him president in 1801. His administration enacted the purchase of Louisiana in 1803. Jefferson was re- elected in 1804, and
retired once again to Monticello after leaving office. He died there on July 4, 1826.
Martha Jefferson died on May 20, 1782, so she did not see her husband's election to the presidency. After Jefferson moved into the President's House, as
it was then called, he often asked Dolly Madison for assistance in social duties. His daughter Martha Jefferson Randolph also assisted him.
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