1829 - 1837
1829 - Pete Skene Ogden of Hudson's Bay Company follows Jedediah Smith's route following the Virgin River south to where it meets the Colorado
River. They meet hostile Indians in the vicinity of The Needles. Ewing Young, from Tennessee, and party trap up the Verde to its source and head for
California reconnoitering near Padre Garces' Pozos de San Brasilios, which Young names " Young Springs" ( present day Peach Springs). In his party is a
young man new to the west - Christopher ( Kit) Carson.
1835 - Texas War against Mexico begins the weakening of Mexican power in land close to the United States.
Andrew Jackson was born in
1767 in South Carolina, the first
president born in a log cabin.
After boyhood as an orphan he
moved to Tennessee where he
qualified for law practice. In the
1790s he served in the U. S. House
of Representatives, the Senate,
and the Tennessee Supreme
Court. As a major general in the
War of 1812 he won the Battle of
New Orleans over British troops.
Rachel Donelson Jackson was
born in 1767 in Virginia. The
family moved west to Tennessee
and then Kentucky. In 1791 she
married Andrew Jackson, only to
learn after two years that her first
husband had not filed for divorce.
A divorce was granted and the
Jacksons quietly remarried. They
had no children.
President Andrew Jackson served in the United States Senate from 1823 to 1825. He lost a run for the presidency in 1824, but four years later defeated
John Quincy Adams and served two terms as president. He expanded the power and prestige of the office, moving the country toward a hard- money
currency policy and vindicating federal authority against France on the question of debts. After leaving the presidency, Jackson retired to the Hermitage
where he died in 1845.
Despite the scandal surrounding her marriage, Rachel won the respect of all who knew her. Though she lived to see her husband elected, she died in 1828
and was buried in the white dress she meant to wear for the 1829 inauguration. The Jacksons opened their home to many of Rachel's relatives and after
her death, Jackson asked Rachel's favorite niece, Emily, to serve as White House hostess.
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