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Atlantic & Pacific RR Co. Route Map & Land Grant Filing Maps
The A&PRRCo., Western Division, built the railroad across northern New Mexico and Arizona Territories, beginning twelve & seven tenths track miles (12.7) south of Albuquerque from A&P Junction (now Isleta, NM), then more or less following along the 35th parallel westward, connecting with the Southern Pacific Railroad at Needles, California. Construction began April 1880 and crossed the Colorado River 8 August 1883.
The A&P Land Grant Filing Maps in this posting consists of twenty (20) individual maps, depicting twenty-two (22) sections of twenty-five miles each, consistent with the 27 July 1866 Congressional ACT, which authorized the construction of the new Trans-continental Railroad. In addition, there is one (1) map showing this New Transcontinental Route and its connections.
Fortunately, some A&P records survive today in various Archives: the National Archives Records Administration and Library of Congress Archives, Washington D.C.; the Arizona State Railroad Museum Archives, Williams, AZ; the Temple Railroad and Heritage Museum, Temple, Texas; the Kansas State Railroad Museum, Topeka, KS. No doubt there are other repositories yet to be discovered holding A&P records; if the reader knows of any such holdings, please notify the ASRMF.
The Arizona State Railroad Museum Foundation, located in Williams, Arizona, is caretaker of this A.T.&S.F.Ry.Co. Collection, which now contains an estimated 60,000 documents and records from the Santa Fe Railway's former Albuquerque Division. The former Albuquerque Division was, and remains so today, an important portion of the BNSF main line between Chicago and the west coast.
The Arizona State Railroad Museum Foundation is incorporated under the laws of the State of Arizona and is designated as a non-profit under IRS Code 501(C)(3). Accordingly, donations may be tax deductible.
Both the Arizona Memory Project, sponsor of this website, and the Arizona State Railroad Museum are Arizona Centennial 2012 Legacy Projects.
Atlantic & Pacific Railroad Co. (A&PRRCo.) - Time Lines and a Little History:
The route of the Western Division Atlantic & Pacific RR Co. between Albuquerque, NMT and the Colorado River oft times compares very closely with the routes surveyed and used by Captain Lorenzo Sitgreaves (1852); Francois X. Aubrey (1853); Lieutenant Amiel Weeks Whipple (1853 - 1854); and Lieutenant Edward Fitzgerald Beale (1858).
27 July 1866 Congressional Act:
The Atlantic and Pacific Railroad Co. (A&PRR) began when the of the United State Congress authorized the construction of a third trans-continental railroad from Springfield, Missouri, across Indian Territory and the Rio Grande River, then westward more or less along the thirty-fifth (35th) parallel, to the Colorado River, and . . . to the Pacific Coast. Included in this Act was the issuing of Land Grants, alternating sections of government owned lands, along the Rights-of-Way of the constructed track center-line. Thus, the requirement for the Land Grant Filing Maps submission to the U.S. Government as featured in this posting.
In the U. S., land surveying under the Public Land Survey System (PLSS), a section of land is an area normally one square mile, containing 640 acres, with 36 sections making up one survey Township on a rectangular grid. The PLSS was created by the Land Ordinance of 1785 to survey land ceded to the United States by the Treaty of Paris in 1773, following the end of the American Revolution.
The A&PRR Co. purchased the South Pacific Railroad in Missouri, and began westward construction from Franklin (now Pacific), Missouri, located just west of St. Louis, and completed the line to Springfield. Rail construction continued southwesterly from Springfield to Vinita, Indian Territory (IT), giving the A&PRR approximately 350 miles of track west of St. Louis. The A&P also leased an additional 495 miles of track from St. Louis to Kansas City, giving the road a total of 845 miles of track in Missouri on which to operate.
As a result of financial difficulties and the 1873 panic, the A&PRR Co. defaulted on bond payments and filed for Bankruptcy. In 1876, bondholders purchased the railroad assets, including the most important and valuable asset - the existing Land Grants, and the original charter authorized land grants in New Mexico and Arizona Territories. As a further step the bondholders reorganized the A&P and incorporated it as the St. Louis & San Francisco Railway (SLSF or FRISCO). The FRISCO was in part, if not totally, financed by the New York investment banking firm of J. & W. Seligman & Company.
Because of Cherokee and other Nations objections, the A&PRR line westward across Indian Territory from Vinita, Indian Territory, thru the Texas panhandle and on to the Rio Grande River, was not built as intended; this section of the A&PRR was known as the Central Division.
The new owners of the SL&SF /FRISCO ultimately extended the Central Division track from Vinita to Tulsa (1882), to Red Fork (1885), and to Sapulpa (1886). The SL&SF /FRISCO also constructed a direct line into St. Louis in 1883, ending its dependence on the Missouri Pacific for access to St. Louis.
1879 - The Tripartite Agreement
Some months prior to the Santa Fe reaching Albuquerque, NMT, the Santa Fe, the Frisco and the A&PRRCo. agreed to jointly fund and build the road west from Albuquerque, forming the Western Division of the A&PRR; thus the Tripartite Agreement was born. The initial agreement of 14 November 1979, as amended 6 December 1879, was finalized and signed 31 January 1880. The A&PRR west of Albuquerque, became officially known as the Atlantic & Pacific Railroad, Western Division.
The Santa Fe, via its subsidiary the New Mexico & Southern Pacific Railroad Company (NM&SP), crossed from Colorado into New Mexico Territory at Raton Pass (7 December 1878) and reached Albuquerque, NMT on 10 April 1880, and continued to build track southward through Belen to San Marcial, NMT.
A new Santa Fe affiliate or subsidiary, the Rio Grande, Mexico & Pacific Railroad, was formed to continue rail construction south of San Marcial toward El Paso, Texas, and a connection with the Southern Pacific at Deming, NMT on 6 March 1881.
The A&PRR built its own rail yard in Albuquerque, then shared the NM&SP main line 12.7 track miles south to A&P Junction via trackage rights.
Westward construction of the A&PRR, Western Division, started immediately from A&P Junction, NMT, today’s Isleta. The A&PRR reached Winslow, AT, on 3 December 1881; Williams, AT, on 1 September 1882; ultimately crossing the Colorado River just south of Needles, California on 10 August 1883 (first train to cross the river on the new timber trestle), and connected with the Southern Pacific RR on the west bank of the River.
Indian Territory became Oklahoma Territory 2 May 1890, and was granted Statehood 16 November 1907.
After numerous bankruptcy filings and associated settlements in the1890s, the A.T.&S.F. Railroad Co. became the A.T.&S.F. Railway Co., and acquired full ownership of the Atlantic & Pacific Railroad, Western Division.
As a result of one of these settlements the Atlantic & Pacific Railroad, Western Division, was sold to the newly created AT&SF subsidiary Santa Fe Pacific Railroad on June 1897, ending the A&P's existence in December 1897. The SFPRR operated until 1902 when it was absorbed into the parent Santa Fe Company.
Ultimately, what was the A&PRRCo., Western Division and the SFPRR, became the Santa Fe Railway's Albuquerque Division, with approximately 1,085 miles of track across northern New Mexico and Arizona.
A&P Land Grant Filing Maps:
The Land Grant Filing Maps (LGFM), twenty-two (22) filing sections of twenty-five (25) miles each, drawn as twenty (20) maps, included with this posting are first generation images scanned from the original, four (4) color ink-on-linen drawings, on file with the National Archives (NARA). All maps are drawn at scale of 1 inch = 2000 feet, beginning at Albuquerque, NMT and ending on the west bank of the Colorado River, just south of Needles, Calif. The first map shows filing Sections 1 and 2; the second map shows filing Sections 3 and 4. Thereafter, the maps show one (1) each filing Section of twenty-five (25) miles. All maps are print-ready and may be ordered through the ASRMF website.
The A&P Land Grant Filing Maps included in this posting are a subset of the A.T.&S.F.Ry.Co. Collection under the stewardship of the ASRMF. This Collection contains some 60,000 separate documents (engineering drawings, specifications, field survey notes, correspondence, various records and manuals, traffic data, etc.).
A&P ROUTE Map Title: Map showing the New Transcontinental Route of the Atlantic & Pacific Railroad and its connections.
This ROUTE Map (15" high by 34" wide) covers the southwestern United States, from Chicago to the Pacific Coast. This ink on linen map, shows the New Transcontinental Route of the Atlantic & Pacific Railroad Co. and Chicago & Pacific Railroad, with connections, from Chicago to San Francisco. The map bears the inscription “Entered according to Act of Congress in the year 1883 by G.W. & C.B. Colton & Co. in the Office of the Librarian of Congress at Washington.” The map also bears a Copyright Date stamp “Jun 30 1883", and includes the hand-written copyright registration number 12027-02.
The map shows the A&P Route from Seneca, IT, with it’s branch from Van Buren, Arkansas, to Needles, California, highlighted with a red-shaded band representing the Land Grant areas across IT, the Texas Panhandle, New Mexico and Arizona Territories, to Needles. The map, “scale . . . statute miles 60 to one inch”, also annotates the Atlantic & Pacific Central and Western Divisions. East of Seneca to St. Louis the line is shown as the St. Louis & San Francisco (Railway).
The original of this map resides with the Library of Congress, https://www.loc.gov/item/98688587/.LanguageEnglishPermissions and ReuseCopyright to all the resources posted herein are held by BNSF Railway Company and are provided for educational purposes only. These documents may not be downloaded, reproduced or distributed without written permission of the BNSF Railway Company. Any attempt to circumvent the access controls on these files is a violation of United States and International copyright laws and is subject to criminal prosecution. All drawings and documents displayed in this web page are covered under Copyrights owned by BNSF Railway Company. All rights reserved.Browse TopicLand, Environment, and Natural ResourcesTransportation and Travel
A Map of the Fifth 25 Miles of the Western Division of the Atlantic and Pacific Railroad, Section 5, Showing Topography and Connections with U. S. Land Lines; From (engineers) Station 5301.40.3 to (engineers Station) 6651.55.6.
A Map of the Ninth 25 Miles of the Western Division Atlantic & Pacific R.R. from the 201th to the 225th Mile Both Inc. 9th Land Grant Section. From (engineers) Station 51+38.6 to (engineers) Station 1372+91.2.
A Map of the Second Fifty Miles of the Western Division of the Atlantic and Pacific Railroad, Sections 3 and 4, Showing Topography and Connections with U. S. Land Lines; From (engineers) Station 2656.07.3 to (engineers) Station 5301.40.3.
A Map of the Sixth 25 Miles of the Western Division of the Atlantic and Pacific Railroad, Section Six, Showing Topography and Connections with U. S. Military Lines; From (engineers) Station 6651.55.6 to (engineers Station) 7971.38.6.
A Map of the Tenth 25 Miles of the Western Division Atlantic & Pacific R.R. from the 226th to the 250th Mile Both Inc. 9th Land Grant Section. [From engineers Station 1372+91.2 to engineers Station 2689+29.5.]
Map of the Eighteenth Twenty Five Miles of the Western Division Atlantic and Pacific Rail Road from the 426th to the 450th Mile 18 Land Grant Section. Beginning Station 8062.60.1 of the 18th Land Grant Section; Station 9382,55.3, end of the 18th Land G
Map of the Eighth 25 Miles of the Western Division of the Atlantic and Pacific Railroad, Section Eight. Showing the Principal Topographical Features of the Surrounding Country. From (engineers) Station 9291.38.6 to (engineers Station) 5138.6
Map of the Eleven Twenty Five Miles of the Western Division Atlantic and Pacific Rail Road from the 251th to the 275th Mile Eleventh Land Grant Section. [engineers Station 2689.29.5 to engineers Station 271.36.5, ending of the 11th Land Grant Section. NO
Map of the Fifteenth Twenty Five Miles of the Western Division Atlantic and Pacific Rail Road from the 351th to the 375th Mile 15 Land Grant Section. [Beginning engineers Station 4230.97.8 to engineers Station 5550.37.0, end of the 15th Land Grant Sectio
Map of the Fourteenth Twenty Five Miles of the Western Division Atlantic and Pacific Rail Road from the 326th to the 350th Mile 14th Land Grant Section. [Beginning engineers station 2910.97.8 to engineers Station 4230.97.8, end of the 14th Land Grant Sec
Map of the Nineteenth Twenty Five Miles of the Western Division Atlantic and Pacific Rail Road from the 451th to the 475th Mile 19 Land Grant Section. [Beginning engineers Station 9382.55.3 to engineers Station 10689.29.7 end of the 19th Land Grant Secti
Map of the Seventeenth Twenty Five Miles of the Western Division Atlantic and Pacific Rail Road from the 401th to the 425th Mile 17th Land Grant Section. [Beginning engineers Station 6872.60.1 to Engineers Station 8062.60.1, end of the 17th Land Grant Se
Map of the Seventh 25 Miles of the Western Division of the Atlantic and Pacific Railroad, Section Seven. Showing the Principal Topographical Features of the Surrounding Country. From (engineers) Station 7971.38.6 to (engineers Station) 9291.38.6
Map of the Sixteenth Twenty Five Miles of the Western Division Atlantic and Pacific Rail Road from the 376th to the 400th Mile 16 Land Grant Section. [Beginning engineers Station 5550.37.0 to engineers Station 6872.60.1, end of the 16th Land Grant Sect
Map of the Thirteenth Twenty Five Miles of the Western Division Atlantic and Pacific Rail Road from the 301th to the 325th Mile 13th Land Grant Section. [engineers Station 1591.26.8 to engineer Station 2910.97.8 end of the 13th Land Grant Section].
Map of the Twelfth Twenty Five Miles of the Western Division Atlantic and Pacific Rail Road from the 276th to the 300th Mile Twelfth Land Grant Section. [engineers Station 271.36.5 to Engineers Station 1591.26.8, end of the 12th Land Grant Section.]
Map of the Twentieth Twenty Five Miles of the Western Division Atlantic and Pacific Rail Road from the 476th to the 500th Mile 20 Land Grant Section. [Beginning engineers Station 10689.29.7 to engineers Station 11987.51.4, end of the 20th Land Grant Sec
Map of the Twenty First Twenty Five Miles of the Western Division Atlantic and Pacific Rail Road from the 501th to the 525th Mile, 21 Land Grant Section. [Beginning engineers Station 11987.51.4 to Engineers Station 13307.11.9, end of the 21th Land Grant